Q&A with Christopher Lloyd

Manisha Chaudhry, head of content development at Pratham Books, chats with author Christopher Lloyd about the latest Indian version of the ‘What on Earth? Wallbook‘.

Tell us about the genesis of the Wallbook? Was there an inspirational
trigger when you decided to write a history of everything?
years ago, when my eldest daughter Matilda was 7 years old, she got
bored at school. As a parent there
is nothing more frustrating than seeing a precocious, curious young
mind stifled by boredom! Matilda, who was a prolific reader, had
stopped reading – and she started dreading going to school. She was
bored. Her teacher was only interested in test scores (and our
daughter’s were fine). She was in denial that there was a problem –
so we felt we had no choice but to search for a new school.
our amazement no school we visited ever said it was their mission to
avoid children getting bored! Fearing the same thing would happen at
a different school, we decided to home educate Matilda (and her
sister Verity, then aged 5) for a year. This was the start of a
five-year experiment that changed all our lives!
was when we started home educating (in 2003) that the scales lifted
from my eyes! We tried to create a curriculum at home, but discovered
we were just recreating the problems of learning at school! I began
to realize that by chopping subjects up into fragments – as done in
schools – we were destroying the natural process of learning through
curiosity. So after three months, we abandoned the curriculum and
wrapped everyday skills in maths, literacy, music, art and drama
around whatever it was the girls wanted to study – whatever it was
they were curious to find out about – Indian temples, African
animals, penguins in the Antarctic or the sinking of the Titanic!
were astonished to find how much knowledge you can connect in with
the Titanic – buoyancy, changing states of matter (ice/ water),
arithmetic (life boats Vs people on board), navigation and compasses,
weather patterns, ice floes, original sources (looking at newspapers
of the event) etc etc etc.
was a Eureka moment! I began to search for a book that would connect
all the subjects together from the beginning of time to the present
day. To my complete amazement and despite lengthy searches such a
book did not seem to exist! Either histories of the world were
written by scientists and were all about natural history but stopped
when it came to people OR they were written by historians and began
6,500 years in Mesopotamia as if nothing else happened before!
I decided to write that book – it is called What
on Earth Happened?.
begins with the start of the Universe 13.7 billion years and goes all
the way to the present day – a narrative that balances the stories of
nature and humanity. Even though two-thirds of the book is about
human history the thread running through it is how we as people are
shaped by the natural world around us, unlike most histories which
see things only as human achievement usually in isolation. So rice
shapes India, olives shape ancient Greek society, maize shapes the
native Americans, smallpox shapes American history.
book (Bloomsbury 2008) is now in 15 languages. Most recently it has
been translated into Japanese More than 90,000 copies have been sold
in just 6 months and I was recently invited there to see for myself
the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
since writing What on
Earth Happened?
I wanted
to find a more accessible way for people – young and old – to
engage with the incredible interconnected history of the world. Many
people will not have the time or inclination to read a180,000 word
book – despite its many pictures and maps – and regardless of
easy it is to read. Also how many people either find reading
difficult or dread the feeling of starting on page one and having to
wade through all the text to the end?
I started to research into how big stories were told before
people could read and write. I learned bout the use of everyday
objects to tell stories in ancient Greece – about the Bayeux
Tapestry of William the Conqueror and I looked at stained glass in
the cathedrals of Europe telling religious stories. The upshot of my
research was that people naturally learn through images on timelines.
Would it be possible, I wondered, to turn my giant history of the
world – What on Earth
into a
timeline with a thousand pictures and captions. If so, how could I
design such a thing and organise all that information?
what format should the book be? The great advantage of removing the
spine is that you have so much more space on which to spread out the
story. The timeline can stretch all along, so people never get lost.
Also the book can be read conventionally in a chair but also unfolded
out on the floor, or laid out across a long table or hung on a wall –
perfect for a giant illustrated story! And because it is laid out on
a timeline people can start and end their journeys where they wish.
They can read left to right, right to left, bottom to top or top to
bottom! The Wallbook, as I have called it, is perfect for unlocking
someone’s natural curiosity about the world from its beginning to
today. Making such a big story accessible is like revealing the
beauty of forest instead of being distracted by each individual tree…
How long did it take you to research and select? Did you do it alone
or was it collaborative?
book What on Earth
took me about
two years to research and write from start to finish. It then took me
about 9 months to convert it into the What
on Earth? Wallbook
Whilst a lot of the research for the book was done alone, the
Wallbook was a complete collaboration with my fabulous friend and
illustrator Andy Forshaw and also my book designer William Webb.
Together the three of us pioneered the format and the layout of the
Wallbook inch by inch. It was enormous fun and so exciting to see all
the pieces fit together.
Were there any special moments in the journey?
was total exhilaration all the way! Seeing the illustrations turn
from black and white pen drawings into glorious eye-popping
technicolour was wonderful. Pouring over the proofs together
scrutinizing every detail was amazing. Seeing the pages roll off the
presses when the book was finally printed was incredibly exciting.
4) How
was it received? By your daughters? By children, teachers, parents?
Any funny memories or comments?
every time I show it to people they seem to be amazed and I guess
that’s what makes presenting the book so much fun, whether it’s
doing talks at festivals, workshops in schools or selling books at a
market stall! My daughters have grown up with me telling my stories,
giving lectures and producing books so there is no great surprise to
them when a new book comes out! My favourite audience for my talks is
a wide age range of children, teachers, parents and grandparents. I
find that these big global stories appeal to all ages and it is
wonderful to see children and parents enjoying a big picture approach
Share your experiences of taking the Wallbook across to different
audiences. Was there any  difference  in the way children
received the Wallbook based on their background and culture? Which is
the most favourite  stream of the children?
is amazing to see how the books stimulate the curiosity of children.
Each time I give a talk I always say to the audience that if they
ever suffer from boredom I have a cure – it is this: start
asking questions!
You cannot
be bored and inquisitive at the same time. It’s like car cannot be
driven forwards and backwards at once – so curiosity the ultimate
cure for boredom!
remember at one school workshop I was talking about the American
astronaut Alan Shepherd hitting a golf ball on the moon. We talked
about how much further the ball would travel than on the Earth – 6
times – and I asked the children if they could guess how much
smaller is the moon than the earth – answer 6 times – which
explains why the astronaut can hit his golf ball six times further as
there is 6 time less gravity on the moon. And then, to my complete
surprise, one girl from the back of the room, her name was Naomi,
asked this question “What
happened to the ball? Did he pick it up or is it still there?”

was stumped! – I had no idea! But it was fabulous a eureka moment
to witness this girl, aged about 8, having the curiosity to ask a
brilliant question to which no one had the answer – so I challenged
her to find out and I have since discovered that he did not go and
pick it up – the golf ball is still there, somewhere on the surface
of the moon – just another thing to wonder at when you see the moon
shining bright on a clear night.
Did the Indian Wallbook pose any specific challenges?
– we increased the font size to make it easier to read – and we
reduced the paper size to make it more manageable to print. Finally
we increased the representation of Indian history to make sure all
the most important moments were represented. This means we had to
remove many of the original pictures and captions and although the
look and feel of the Indian Wallbook is similar to the original
English edition it is actually a brand new product. Like its English
cousin, it works wonderfully for all ages and can be thoroughly
enjoyed by anyone – whatever their level of literacy – because
the pictures are big and bold and the words large and easy to read.
How would you like the Indian Wallbook to be used?
the bottom of my heart I hope adults and young people will enjoy this
book TOGETHER. It is wonderful to have the partnership with Pratham
Books, a charity with the aim of putting a book into every Indian
child’s hands. That is the spirit of big picture learning – of
taking a holistic look at the past and connecting nature with
humanity, young with old, rich with poor, east with west, Asian with
European. This is an inclusive book, not at all an exclusive book. It
is affordable, accessible and within reach of most people’s budget.
If people get just a tiny bit as much pleasure immersing themselves
in this book as I had putting it together, then I shall be thrilled. 

What is the next project for children?
– that’s so exciting! It’s the What
on Earth? Wallbook of Science & Engineering

with more than 1,000 inventions and discoveries from the Stone Ages
to the present day which we are producing in collaboration with the
Science Museum in London. We are about three-quarters of the way
through production and it is published in July this year. I can’t
wait to show it to you! After that we are doing the works of
Shakespeare – the top 100 moments in his 37 plays! There is so much
big picture storytelling to be done. Always connect – and never
stop asking questions!

You can buy Christopher’s latest book from our website at Rs.125.

Read more interviews with Pratham Books authors and illustrators.
Image Source : whatonearthbooks.com

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